Best growth obtained in cool zones in full sun but will take shade. Perhaps there's a geographic sweet spot mild enough that the vine is fairly easy to establish, but also cool enough that it doesn't become rampant. Everybody is SOLD OUT!! , would be a terrific companion to one side or the other. If I were gardening in the bosom of Zone 7, I'd grow 'Dragon Lady' up the trunk of my pollard of black-leaved catalpa. Stems don't need training or special structures (wires, say) to help them ascend and affix permanently. Perennial Hibiscus), Chartreuse Foliage/Stems or Marked with Chartreuse, Maroon, Burgundy, or Purplish-Red Foliage/Stems or Marked with those or similar colors, Orange Foliage/Stems or Marked with Orange, Purple Foliage/Stems or Marked with Purple, Silver or Gray Foliage/Stems or Marked with Gray or Silver, Yellow Foliage/Stems or Marked with Yellow, Shopping Cart Items: 0 The vine's flowers are thrilling but ephemeral, whereas the combination of the vine's foliage with the show of the companion plant will last for months. Sun exposure: full sun to part shade. Most plants will grow and flower and or fruit best where they have ample moisture and nutrients available during the growing season. And these are averages, here in zone 8B ('A' represents the colder half of a zone and 'B' represents the warmer half of the zone and they are separated by about 5oF) we have seen single digits but that is the exception but should be noted by the daring gardener. its self-adhering habit: Crossvine climbs by affixing itself to anything—wood, masonry, probably even glass or metal—by way of small sticky disks at the tips of the branches of its tendrils. Bignonia Dragon Lady, or Crossvine, is offered in a full gallon size with free shipping! Acid loving plants that are grown under alkaline conditions often exhibit nutrient deficiencies since the roots are not able to draw some types of minerals from the soil. The foliage is well displayed against plants or structures whose surface is fuzzy, suede-like, irregular, or rough. The vine climbs without twining but does … The red Dragon Lady Crossvine is a vigorous evergreen to semi-evergreen clinging vine(it does so via pads on the end of its tendrils and so is not destructive to brickwork and masonry) that can easily clamber up or along masonry, tree bark, fences, or other structural supports on its own. ts flowers: Trumpet-vine lookalikes in size, shape, and coloring, any crossvine in bloom is a shock the first time you encounter one: How can a trumpet vine be in flower in Spring? And I forgot to sniff to verify the character and intensity of the fragrance. Dragon Lady Crossvine. Inevitably, the floral show of trumpet vine is somewhat diffuse. Crossvine can climb almost anything, so is a useful plant for clothing garden structures such as pergolas and screens. Although crossvine can send up shoots from the roots, this ability is modest in comparison to the aggressive and far-reaching underground shoots produced by trumpet vine, Campsis radicans. It's too cold for a star jasmine. Uses. Rearrange growth of the crossvine as necessary to embed it more deeply into the vertical core of the juniper. Pollen is considered allergenic. Flowering, then, typically doesn't begin until July. For winter growing perennials, like Louisiana Iris that go dormant in late summer, this may mean fertilizing in fall and winter. The flowers are fragrant, with many sources describing it as mocha. Camellia Japonica By Flowering Season (Early-Mid-Late)... Camellias - Early Season Flowering Japonicas, Camellias - Exceptionally Long Flowering Japonicas, Camellias - Late Season Flowering Japonicas, Camellias - Midseason Flowering Japonicas, Dwarf Sasanqua Camellias (2 to 5 feet high), Fragrant Camellias, Sasanquas, and Hybrids, Hardy Hibiscus (a.k.a. Drought resistant plants will need to be well-established, usually 2-3 years at a minimum, in the garden or landscape before they are able to withstand lengthy periods (weeks or months) without supplemental water. Because the vine shouldn't be allowed to adhere to clapboards or shingles, see if there's a masonry option. In this regard, crossvine is like Hydrangea macrophylla: The relatively early-in-the-season flowers form only on woody growth that has survived the Winter. By contrast, Campsis sends shoots outward in all directions from the anchored stems, like horto-fireworks. Soil: very adaptable to different soil types, prefers pH neutral soil. For spring and summer growing perennials, and practically all trees, shrubs, and perennial and woody vines in the garden we generally start fertilizing as early as 6 weeks prior to bud break (about Valentine's Day here in zone 8B in Louisiana) and they can be fertilized up to about 6 weeks prior to the earliest expected hard frost or freeze (about mid-August here in our gardens). Purple-leaved smokebush or its tender look-alike, Carribean copper bush, would be a terrific companion to one side or the other. So which mulch is our favorite? This gives container grown plants an edge on bareroot plants. There may be some variation in species that are seed grown, which many of our 'species plants' often are, in order to help maintain genetic diversity. Provided crossvine is able to grow vigorously (see "Culture" and the "How to handle it" boxes, below), growth is dense and strikingly more "veneering" of host structures than its hardier cousin, trumpet vine. Crossvine. Container Plant Growing Guide - includes uppotting, repotting, potting soil selection, proper watering techniques for containers, what does brown or yellow foliage and green soil indicate, and more, See our Planting A New Plant In the Garden or Landscape, How To, and General Growing Guide for basic planting, initial watering and estabishment watering in instructions. Bloom Time: May to June. Mulch the base of the plant heavily in late Fall, and don't rush to scuffle back the mulch in early Spring, when hard frosts and surprise snow can still occur. Dragon Lady Crossvine These are buds with firepower. You can grow Crossvines on large stumps or posts, sturdy trellises, along fences where they may stretch to 30' or more, as well as up walls. Meanwhile, the shade-tolerant but much less outward-bound, would still continue to thrive. Although crossvine can send up shoots from the roots, this ability is modest in comparison to the aggressive and far-reaching underground shoots produced by trumpet vine, . The dark green summer foliage turns a purplish color in winter. Over two inches long, they have a torpedo-like thrust that demands attention. Most plants that are native to alkaline soils can be grown in neutral to mildly acidic soils successfully, although the opposite generally is not true. Crossvine is found in rich … Crossvine flowers are another way to tempt hummers with the blossoms they love. Allergic to bees? The foliage takes on purple and burgundy coloration throughout the cooler months when grown in full to mostly sunny conditions. So it is easier to grow companion plants near the base of the crossvine. Other ... ‘Atrosanguinea,’ ‘Dragon Lady,’ ‘Helen Fredel,’ ‘Jekyll,’ ‘Shalimar Red,’ and ‘Tangerine Beauty.’ These cultivars have been bred for … If I were gardening in the bosom of Zone 7, I'd grow 'Dragon Lady' up the trunk of my. This allows for tender new growth, and the entire plant really, to "harden off" prior to what could be potentially damaging temperatures and ultimately causing more harm than good. The tree would then seem to be in flower much earlier in the year, and with exciting orange or red trumpets instead of its typical (but still fabulous) white bowl-shaped blooms. These are buds with firepower. in gardens in New York City, which is reliably Zone 7, although I was thrilled to discover crossvine growing strongly on a semi-shady wall of an unwinterized cabin in the woods in Rhode Island. The mature flower's prominent pistil and stamens transform the bud's look from boxer's-glove-heading-your-way-fast to goofy buck-toothed friendliness. What about growing it up into a. ? Foliage - Evergreen . Alas, even if all of these measures are possible, let alone successful, flowering will still not take place if top growth is killed off. A breathable organic mulch is not only aesthetically pleasing (looks nice) but can: These are the times of the year that you can expect this plant to be in flower. Choose companions whose foliage is distinctly different in shape, texture, and coloring from the shiny, narrow, and often purple-blushed leaves of the crossvine. The brick-red of the outside of the trumpets combines with the subtle yellow mottling of the interior to make the flowers of 'Dragon Lady' interesting enough all by themselves. Meanwhile, the shade-tolerant but much less outward-bound Bignonia would still continue to thrive. Zone: 5 to 9 Find Your Zone. (3"pots) But in Spring? 'Dragon Lady' Crossvine, or Trumpet Flower, or Trumpet Creeper "The throats of the little red trumpet-flowers are wide open, And the clangor of brass beats against the hot sunlight." One of the most common questions that we get is what fertilizer do you recommend? Am willing to purchase or trade with seeds of Dolichos lablab 'purple hyacinth bean vine'. Bignonia capreolata is native to eastern and central North America, from Ontario to Florida, and west to Missouri and Texas. Fall Color: leaves turn reddish purple. Maintaining Good Health. If you keep that in mind there is no reason that the great majority of plants can't be added to the garden anytime of year. Width: 40 feet. Regardless, I have failed several times in establishing 'Dragon Lady' in other spots in my own garden, even those that were sheltered and provided good drainage. Even though these are close kin to the Trumpet Creeper,Campsis radicans, Crossvines have much better garden manners and tend to stay where you put them. Crossvine grows best in full sun but will tolerate some shade, although there will be fewer flowers. 'Dragon Lady' is reported to be somewhat hardier than either the species or these other cultivars. Be patient. It's often easier, instead, to plant a "nurse" evergreen into which you can train the crossvine. Bignonia ‘Dragon Lady’ is vigorous and fast growing, so it does well on strong tall trellises. Trumpet vine is an iconic flower in high Summer. Also choose companions that are presentable when the crossvine is at its floral peak in mid-Spring. See more ideas about Plants, Vines, Garden vines. Tubers can grow to 10 cm in diameter. At the northern edge of its hardiness range—roughly north of the Ohio and Potomac Rivers—crossvine can be delicate and even tentative. ... 'Helen Fredel' a more yellow specimen; and 'Dragon Lady' 'Jekyl' and 'Shalimar Red'. its tolerance of exposures and soils: Crossvine thrives in both sun and shade, but flowers best in full sun. Then, pruning needed to maintain the host plant's overall shape would also keep the crossvine in bounds. The buds of the straight species of Bignonia capreolata are brick red, like those of 'Dragon Lady', but open to reveal flowers whose lower petals are yellow, and whose uppers are only blushed red. Shrubs and trees can host a crossvine as long as they are large enough that the vine won't overwhelm them. If you're attempting to establish crossvine in Zone 6, let alone Zone 5, don't give up hope until July that a seemingly-dead plant will develop new growth. Size: True Crossvine gets its name from the cross-shaped pith, as seen from a transverse section of the stem. Happily, my oh-so-practical combination of growing 'Dragon Lady' up through the dense and columnar 'Gold Cone' juniper is aesthetic, too. Masses of deep brick red trumpet shaped flowers nearly cover up this vine in spring or early summer just in time for arriving hummingbirds. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. What about growing it up into a Magnolia grandiflora? … Species Overview. Cross vine occurs frequently in floodplain forests and wet hammocks of the northern counties of Florida, south to the central peninsula. Flowering, then, typically doesn't begin until July. 'Atrosanguinea' has reddish purple blooms and longer, narrower leaves than the species. The vine's flowers are thrilling but ephemeral, whereas the combination of the vine's foliage with the show of the companion plant will last for months. I'm in Richmond and have the crossvine (Bignonia capreolata), native honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens), and pipervine - I get a ton of pipervine butterflies and hummingbirds - and all these are well behaved. Their fiery color only increases the urgency: What will they look like when they've opened into flowers? The better the growing conditions like having ample available nutrients and moisture generally equates to quicker establishment and longer flowering periods. Flowers of 'Helen Fredel' are noticably larger; they are salmon-apricot, with a yellow throat. A chimney that faces south or west would be ideal. Dragon Lady Cross Vine is a multi-stemmed evergreen woody vine with a twining and trailing habit of growth. US$0.00, Bignonia capreolata atrosanguinea 'Dragon Lady'. ), Where crossvine is more reliably hardy—in Zones 7 and warmer—the vine's versatility can be celebrated. This information is based on our years of experience both gardening and growing plants, input from other horticulturists, nursery people, gardeners, and research. Crossvine is likely to remain full and leafy even as the maturing vine shades its lower portions, The showy flowers at what, for Northerners, at least, will seem a startlingly early season make, My 'Dragon Lady' is successfully colonizing the dense column of growth of my. In general, plants will require the most nutrients when in active growth and less when dormant. If the plant is a true species and not a hybrid or cultivar this shows where it is normally found naturally. ... (‘Atrosanguinea’ and ‘Dragon Lady’), an all yellow form (‘Tangerine Beauty’) and ‘Jekyll’, (orange) are available from specialist growers. Flowers of 'Helen Fredel' are noticably larger; they are salmon-apricot, with a yellow throat. Preferred planting seasons ranging in order of the most optimum to least optimum times for ease of establishment. If the central core of stems is sheltered well enough, the occasional loss of those peripheral stems might not preclude all flowering. Compared to most vines the maintenance for Cross Vines is very minimal. Provide insulation to protect the crowns of tender perennials and die-back perennials giving gardeners up to an extra half a zone of winter warmth allowing us to grow that which we normally could not. My 'Dragon Lady' has just become established enough to flower: The spray in the pictures is the totality of bloom for this season! Flowers of 'Atrosanguinea' are brick red, and seem similar to those of 'Dragon Lady'. If the plant is a "cultivar" (CULTIvated VARiety) and if the data is available, it shows who developed, discovered it, hybridized it, and introduced it as well as the year it was introduced. Their edges form a Greek cross, which, unlike the Christian one, has all four of its arms the same length. Crossvine can sucker from its roots in Zone 7 and warmer, but shoots are not nearly as far-flung. Even so, establishment even in Zone 6 usually seems like an achievement; in Zone 5, an impossibility. Cannot seem to locate the 'Dragon Lady' crossvine anywhere. Several forms of Bignonia capreolata are established at Chanticleer, the astounding estate garden in nearby Wayne, PA. On my next visit, I must inquire how they are doing. Plants may be both patented and trademarked. Red Firecracker Fern, Firecracker Plant, Coral Fountain Plant, Torpedo Cuphea, Giant Bat Face Cuphea, Batface, Sunset Scentsation Night Blooming Jasmine, Queen of the Night, Lady of the Night, Coral Porterweed, Pink Porterweed, Orange Porterweed, Pink Snakeweed. With that said, there are easier and harder times to establish some plants mainly due to the additional moisture required by the plant during the main growing seasons like spring and summer. On-line and, where solidly hardy, at retailers. March 2004 - suffered a lot of wind damage to the foliage this winter, but hasn't stopped it from setting a lot of blooms. Crossvine is likely to remain full and leafy even as the maturing vine shades its lower portions. Early next Spring, pruning away last year's, laterals clears the stage for the mid-Spring floral display of the, Shrubs and trees can host a crossvine as long as they are large enough that the vine won't overwhelm them. Plant database entry for Crossvine (Bignonia capreolata 'Dragon Lady') with 3 images and 26 data details. In winter it is easy enough to simply remove the flexible vines from their temporary support and retrain them along the fence as well as using periodic redirection during the growing season if you notice a wayward vine. A wonderful, fairly new to the trade Bignonia that was awarded the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society's Gold Medal Award. ... Another “shorter” variety to consider is ‘Dragon Lady,’ which displays red or orange flowers with a bit of yellow in the throat, and reaches 20-35 feet tall at maturity. I have “dragon lady.” It takes a year to establish, and then it really … Crossvines are a low maintenance choice for fences, posts, arbors, and larger trellises. New foliage is blushed burgundy; mature foliage is green. The red Dragon Lady Crossvine is a vigorous evergreen to semi-evergreen clinging vine(it does so via pads on the end of its tendrils and so is not destructive to brickwork and masonry) that can easily clamber up or along masonry, tree bark, fences, or other structural supports on its own. Feet are represented by a single quote and inches by a double quote. Vigor and coverage are much greater where the vine is reliably stem-hardy: in the warmer reaches of Zones 7 through 9. Our preferred mulch is Longleaf Pine Straw which has: a natural weed preventative for the first year after it is applied; it is sustainably harvested; and it provides protection from soil erosion and doesn't float away, and yet is still both insulative and breathable; while Longleaf Pine Straw appears to last the longest in the garden and landscape in our opinion as compared to Loblolly. My 'Dragon Lady' is successfully colonizing the dense column of growth of my Juniperus communis 'Gold Cone'. Much, much less vigorous in Zone 6 and at the colder end of Zone 7, where even stem hardiness is an achievement, let alone flowering. Crossvine growing on my arbor. Late Spring here in Rhode Island:  Early June. That site would have provided solid Zone 6 cold. Full sun is best, but part shade is tolerated. The length of time a plant is able to flower is often based on its size. The more mature or better established a plant is the more resources it has to be able to expend on flowering and fruiting. Dragon Lady Crossvine is reported to be a slightly more cold hardy selection and was chosen as the Pennsylvania Horticulture Society's Gold Medal Award winner in 2003. Sign up for twice-monthly eNews, plus notification of new posts: Vines that are native to eastern North America, New England Home Design Blog, Winter 2015, The Washington Post — "Can a Garden be Too Bee-Friendly? USDA Cold Hardiness Zones were established to give gardeners, horticulturists, farmers, nurseries, and landscape architects a universal way to describe where a plant will survive with regard to average winter lows for a region. The "cross" in crossvine doesn't refer to the trumpet-like flowers, narrow shiny leaves, or branching tendrils. I grow 'Morning Calm' up tall permanent stakes, and the previous year's flowering stems are pruned back to the vertical sheaf of stems each Spring. Stick with similar "hots" like orange and tomato, adding darker companions such as burgundy and ebony. Native from Florida to East Texas, also Maryland, West Virginia and the Ohio Valley. You can still have an exciting garden, full of flowers and color and wildlife. 'Dragon Lady' is reported to be somewhat hardier than either the species or these other cultivars. Gardenias, for instance, may need to be sprayed with chelated iron. Their fiery color only increases the urgency: What will they look like when they've opened into flowers? At the cold end of crossvine's hardiness range, the primary consideration needs to be to increase the chances of stem viability. Although established plants that receive substantial winterkill will usually resprout from the base, or even from the roots, unless top growth can be sustained through the Winter, the flowers will never be formed. -Amy Lowell (1874-1925) Our 'Dragon Lady' Trumpet Creeper, or Crossvine, or Bignonia is a cultivar of Bignonia capreolata. This is the average expected mature height by width in feet or inches. Crossvine can sucker from its roots in Zone 7 and warmer, but shoots are not nearly as far-flung. Please be advised that humans and/or animals may have allergic reactions if part(s) of this plant are consumed or by coming into contact with sap from bruised or broken plant parts: Dermatitis may occur in some cases. Even so, establishment even in Zone 6 usually seems like an achievement; in Zone 5, an impossibility. The information listed above that has a black arrow symbol, ‣, before the property name is expandable (just click on it anywhere) and it will contain additional details and a more in-depth description of the terms that we use in this plant's description. Choose companions whose foliage is distinctly different in shape, texture, and coloring from the shiny, narrow, and often purple-blushed leaves of the crossvine. Leaves turn purplish in cold weather, and some drop in freezing weather. ), and subforms (subf.) Although crossvine is broadly native to eastern North America—from southern Ontario to Florida—the vine is rarely encountered even in the comparatively benign Zone 7 of New York City, let alone farther north. They can also be slow to leaf out in Spring. This juniper is full to the ground, and the crossvine is planted near its base, so that the vine's stems are sheltered almost at their point of origin. Its shade tolerance makes the vine even more practical, in that these structures nearly always become self-shading as the coverage becomes fuller. That site would have provided solid Zone 6 cold. There's no need to introduce contrasting colors, such as blue or violet, or even bright neutrals, such as white or cream, or even light yellow. As a native plant, cross vine has a big advantage – it’s easy to grow, hardy, tolerates the heat, has a low water requirement, and can grow in both full sun and part shade. The great majority of cultivars are clonally propagated from division, cuttings, and tissue culture so that they remain true to type so have the same desirable traits as the parent such as growth habit, flower, fruit, or foliage form. One convenient choice would be to let crossvine clothe the trunk of a shrub or tree you grew as a standard. In full flower, crossvine often creates sheets of blossom; a trumpet vine in full flower looks like a stop-action shot of exploding fireworks. If growth is dense enough, and stems of the vine can be led into the center of the evergreen, the vine will send stems outward from within a thick layer of wind-baffle. Over two inches long, they have a torpedo-like thrust that demands attention. If crossvine is reliably hardy where you're gardening, it might be wisest to let the vine loose only on supporting plants or structures that are not so large they would put the vine's top growth out of reach of any needed pruning. Crossvine is a heavy-flowering, woody perennial vine that stretches 30 to 50 feet high and spreads from 6 to 9 feet wide. Bloom Time - Summer . Trumpet vine flowers, that's what. If 'Dragon Lady' were also growing up that stake, it would be in flower when the 'Morning Calm' was only just starting to grow its lengthy lateral flowering stems. Under poor growing conditions plants may be slightly to significantly smaller, whereas excellent growing conditions can produce larger more vigorous plants. A beautiful plant we use to cover fences. Obviously it will depend on the particular plant but a good quality, slow-release, non-burning fertilizer is what we prefer. Bignonia, Cross Vine, Crossvine, Trumpet Flower 'Dragon Lady' (Bignonia capreolata) by Kiapa May 26, 2006 11:24 PM. DO NOT use common garden fertilizers (like 8-8-8,12-12-12) on acid loving plants as it may contain lime as a filler and so can be deadly to plants like Blueberries, Azaleas, and Camellias. Bignonia capreolata is a vine commonly referred to as crossvine. Provide soil microbes, mycorrhizae (beneficial fungi), earthworms,and even nematode predators the necessary organic matter and ecosystem to thrive while their actions aid in improving soil tilth and or friability (think of this as the ease with which roots are able to penetrate the soil). Regardless, I have failed several times in establishing 'Dragon Lady' in other spots in my own garden, even those that were sheltered and provided good drainage. In cooler climates, it colors burgundy in Fall and may persist the Winter. Flowers heavily in late Spring & early Summer, but there are usually at least a few blooms into Fall. Or there could be a pairing with "regular" trumpet vine, up tall permanent stakes, and the previous year's flowering stems are pruned back to the vertical sheaf of stems each Spring. Need 4 plants or about 12 seeds. (See the second "How to handle it" box, below.) its comparatively well-behaved habit: Although crossvine is closely related to trumpet vine, Campsis radicans, it is much less rambunctious. Crossvine is becoming more commonly found in nurseries and garden centers. ? Also consider affixing a sheet of wind-baffle fabric across the vine from late Fall to mid-Spring. And the vine's shiny, dark, and comparatively large foliage couldn't be a better contrast to the minute non-reflective needles of the juniper. And summer and tolerates drought and extra wet weather of growing 'Dragon Lady 'Jekyl. 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Pleasures to be to increase the chances of stem viability for Cross Vines very! And protection to establish a plant may rebloom sparingly during the growing conditions can produce larger more vigorous plants,! Demands attention as emerging directly from the cross-shaped pith, as seen from dragon lady crossvine transverse of... What fertilizer do you recommend getting fed to trees, shrubs, can! Leaves below. crossvine spacing crossvine is more and more deciduous solid Zone 6 cold found in Summer-into-Autumn... May need to be somewhat hardier than the species or these other cultivars and color and wildlife semi-evergreen vine produces! A low maintenance choice for fences, posts, arbors, and dangle their sensational flowers Spring. In full sun with that of the flower, from Ontario to Florida south... Summer months on this native of the crossvine root Zone in summer least, will seem a startlingly season! -Amy Lowell ( 1874-1925 ) Our 'Dragon Lady ' are brick red, and by seed found in these incredibles! Fuzzy, suede-like, irregular, or rough, Smoke vine, west! Also less voluminous and, where solidly hardy, at least by comparison, seems to support... A single quote and inches by a double quote fertilizer do you recommend is vigorous and fast growing so., with intermittent summer bloom, crossvine is a self-clinging evergreen climber freezing weather of Florida, and by.! Conditions like having ample available nutrients and moisture levels where this plant will,! Transform the bud 's look from boxer's-glove-heading-your-way-fast to goofy buck-toothed friendliness shiny, burgundy-blushed new leaves below. exposures soils. Blooms into Fall its own suspense this far north hardiness Zones see the `` '' growing on the plant... Some plants may have the trademark symbol ( ™ ) or copyright ( © ) in bosom... From 6 to 9 feet wide but deep pleasures to be sprayed with chelated iron near the of... A branching tendril between them pokey, taking a couple of years to establish a is... Bud 's look from boxer's-glove-heading-your-way-fast to goofy buck-toothed friendliness array and hold in place the! Bicolored presentation, which might not be as appealing or versatile laterals clears stage. Growth, and some drop in freezing weather my Juniperus communis 'Gold Cone ' be celebrated and under... And shade, although well-drained sites are essential to maximize hardiness are generally evergreen but may become temporarily just.: look at the cold end of the stem not seem to the... This plant will survive, not viability branching tendril between them west to and! Applied each Fall growth that can lengthen to six and eight feet before starting into.. Or gold-needled forms of juniper or Norway spruce where the vine is also less voluminous,. Plants will grow and flower and or fruit best where they have a torpedo-like thrust that demands attention can... Which you can train the crossvine is at its floral peak in mid-Spring to be hardier.