To limit the access of these apps to your location data, click on their respective buttons to turn them off. Step 1. WHAT IS COMPUTER SECURITY? After that is done, we should update the antivirus program and rescan the computer again. Leave Run BitLocker system check checked and click [Continue]. Be mindful that you do not reveal too much about your password in the Password hint field. Check if the operating system is being updated. WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY Basic Computer Security Checklist TRINITY COLLEGE q Install and enable the (Software) auto-update features in your OS (Macintosh – Windows) q Use the OS Firewall (It should be on by default (But make sure to check)) q Install, update and run (At least weekly) anti-virus software (free tools are available). Let us discuss about some tools that we use to encrypt documents −, Axcrypt − It is one of the best opensource encryption file softwares. Computer hardware is typically protected by the same means used to protect other valuable or sensitive equipment, namely, serial numbers, doors and locks, and alarms. Businesses should implement policies and procedures to not only protect key electronic assets, but also to report and recover when a cyber-attack occurs. Disaster recovery starts with an inventory of all assets like computers, network equipment, server, etc. Make a secure backup of your files before encrypting the files. Figure 4: BitLocker recovery key backup methods, Step 5. Figure 1: Windows lock screen with password-protected user account. Generally local backups store the data in a CD, NA Storages, etc. Step 3. If you already have Windows installed, you can select privacy-protecting options through the following steps: Step 1. In my case, I did a screenshot of my laptop which is a Windows 7. Disaster recovery is generally a planning process and it produces a document which ensures businesses to solve critical events that affect their activities. computer security threats. Virus − It is a malicious software that installs on your computer without your consent for a bad purpose. If you are using Windows there is a chance you did not even choose it, but it was simply the system that was already installed when you bought your computer. Consider upgrading your copy of Windows. File extensions are a part of the names of files which tell the operating system which type of file it is and what process or application to use to open it. Step 6. You may wish to use more than one of the methods available to you. Based on all the chapters and especially on the security policies, the following table has a list of checklist that touches most of the components that have been discussed in this tutorial. Check if your monitor is using a screen saver. Some of the areas you’ll want to address when training your employees on basic computer security practices include: Email security- password protection, encryption, double checking intended recipients, making sure the correct attachment is being sent, not opening spammy looking … BASIC CONCEPTS IN COMPUTER SECURITY ARZATH AREEFF 2. Click and continue with Windows installation. Quiz Flashcard. Revisit this process if you wish to change your password. 1. If you are a system administrator of a webserver, then you should be aware of another form of malware which is called as webshell. Click the [Add a user without a Microsoft account] link through the following window. Taking charge of computer security usually is as simple as installing an anti-virus program or purchasing basic computer security software. You better do it weekly because it will not overload your networks, in case you have a large network. Put Open Firmware password − Double click the application icon to open it. This quiz is designed to test your understanding of basic computer security aspects as well as a little history. Basics in computer security is no longer basics, really. Figure 1: Selecting Accounts through the Windows Settings menu. Set password for the root user and create a less privileged user. Basic Computer Security Part 1. Settings. The next step is to take updates regularly for Windows OS. 1. Home » Quizzes » Science Quizzes » Computers Trivia » General Computing Trivia. Type the password for the new account under the Make it secure section. Then we should look for any modified, replaced or deleted files and the shared libraries should also be checked. The server room should have an authorized level. Example: The lock on the door is the 10%. Secure your network especially wireless, passwords should be used. For example, what are they allowed to install in their computer, if they can use removable storages. Figure 1: Security and Maintenance window. I did a test with a URL and it came out to be clean and that too 100%, so I can visit it without my computer being infected. Error while the system is booting in bios stage, like Bios’s battery cell display, timer error display. Unauthorized access − An unauthorized access is when someone gains access to a server, website, or other sensitive data using someone else's account details. The protection of Check the check boxes next to Give me recommended updates the same way I receive important updates, Allow all users to install updates on this computer, and Give me updates for Microsoft products and check for new optional Microsoft software when I update Windows. Click the button under Let apps access my name, picture and other account info to turn it off and to limit apps from accessing your account information. Figure 1: Windows AutoPlay options screen. Played 6,168 times. 11/26/2020 Basic Computer Security: How to Protect Yourself from Viruses, Hackers, and Thieves 1/12 How-To Geek Basic Computer Security: How to Protect Yourself from Viruses, Hackers, and Thieves CHRIS HOFFMAN AND MATT TOAZ @chrisbhoffman UPDATED NOVEMBER 14, 2019, 1:55PM EDT People often think of computer security as something technical and complicated. Step 2. Information should be protected in all types of its representation in transmission by encrypting it. Step 4. For example − We are system administrators of a large chain of super markets, but our company wants to go online by launching an online selling platform. Ransomware – a type of malware that encrypts the victim’s data and demands a ransom in order to provide the decryption key. People often think of computer security as something technical and complicated. Confidentiality is the concealment of information or resources. They offer a high speed of network for storage the biggest producers are EMC Corporation, DELL. What is computer security? System information script that displays detected information by a browser. Check if the antivirus or antimalware is installed and updated. Step 4. Reputation loss − Just think if your Facebook account or business email has been owned by a social engineering attack and it sends fake information to your friends, business partners. Step 6. Computer privacy and security basics. You can see the following example on how I mapped the process of Kaspersky antivirus which I used along with the command netstat-ano to see the process numbers and task manager to see to which process belongs to this number. Click the Start button and search for Change screen saver. In Computer Security, layers is a well-known practice which was taken from military techniques. The importance of computer security also extends to computer skills. An attacker with physical access to the computer can read user files unless they are encrypted. To mitigate this threat, you can change Windows settings to view file extensions, and optionally to view hidden files and operating system files where viruses also sometimes hide. Note: in this example we assume that your Windows operating system is installed on drive C: Important: If you see an error message This device can't use a Trusted Platform Module go to section In case of error "This device can't use a Trusted Platform Module" below. No configuration setting. Similarly, click the button under Personalized ads wherever I use my Microsoft account to turn it off. An example is shown in the following table −. A threat is a potential violation of security. Confidentiality: This means that information is only being seen or used by people who are authorized to access it. Each offers different protection opportunities. Browsers give visual cues, such as a lock icon or a green bar, to help visitors know when their connection is secured. Computer Security Basics David Young Cytoclonal Pharmaceutics Inc. More information can be found on Wikipedia − https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Payment_Card_Industry_Data_Security_Standard. Missing the updates can lead to possible hacking. To do so we follow this path: Click on System Preferences –Software Update – Change the default “weekly” to “daily” – Quit System Preferences. If you need to leave your laptop, phone, or tablet for any length of time - lock it up so no one else can use it. Press Start . Our employees are often asked what are basic tips to help keep computers running smoothly. Step 11. For small or big companies, mentioned before, online or cloud backup solution are a good solution for them because of the cost and the liability. They would recommend to use the online testing antivirus engine which (according to me) is one of the best – https://virustotal.com/. Click the Start button and search for AutoPlay. Identity theft − This is a case where your identity is stolen (photo, name surname, address, and credit card) and can be used for a crime like making false identity documents. The physical security of your devices is just as important as their technical security. Note: If you have a TPM chip in your computer you may have more options available to choose from in this step. Step 1. There are programs which can encrypt specific files or folders on your computer, such as VeraCrypt, AxCrypt and GPG4Win. They always try to hide themselves in the operating systems in the following ways −. The cardinal rule of security is that No one thing makes a computer secure. Leveraging the fear of computer viruses, scammers have a found a new way to commit Internet fraud. Windows 10 automatically downloads and installs Windows updates for you, keeping you protected agains the latest software exploitation. Step 2. Important: Steps below will help you encrypt your files. When you go and check, you see the cleaning lady doing her job and by mistake, she had removed the power cable and unplugged the server. Availability refers to the ability to access data of a resource when it is needed, as such the information has value only if the authorized people can access at right time. Basic Computer Security PPT for Visitors (Basic-Cybersecurity-Training-Fermilab-Visitors.pptx, 1.7 MB) Topics: Shared Systems and Services:Computer Security:Training & Education; Tune IT Up; Authors: Jessie J Pudelek; Keywords: basic computer security slides power point presentation event. It can be downloaded from http://www.avg.com/us-en/free-antivirus-download. It helps to send and receive data across the internet, but in a secure and encrypted way. It offers OneDrive and you can store up to 5GB in their cloud and it has an interface for different Operating Systems. It was developed jointly by American Express, Visa, MasterCard, Discover and JCB. Internet equipment as routers to be protected with password. The next best option is to uninstall the extra software that comes with your computer. Some of the areas you’ll want to address when training your employees on basic computer security practices include: Email security- password protection, encryption, double checking intended recipients, making sure the correct attachment is being sent, not opening spammy looking … In this section we will explain some important compliances that are around the technology industry. •Most computer security measures involve data encryption and passwords. There are two major alternative operating system choices. They are also called Intrusion detection devices; their traffic rules are configured according to the company policy rules. The security guarantees made by Microsoft can only be taken at face value as they cannot be independently audited. In this context, bugs can allow attackers to gain access to a system and do irreparable damage. Click the [Clear] button to clear your device history. when a threat is actually executed, it becomes an attack. Security of a Computer in a Network, Basic Operating System Security for Spark Computer - Essay Example. Click on the [Turn Windows Firewall on or off] link. This book is written for a reader with little to no previous knowledge of security issues, but one who is familiar with the basic functionality of his or her computer's operating system. They help also the network administrators to check the connection integrity and authenticity that occur. Here you can choose which apps you want to run in the background (receiving information, sending notifications, and staying up-to-date). Step 2. Most of the security breaches come from uninformed and untrained persons which give information to a third party or publish data in Internet without knowing the consequences. Set Bios Password − This option differs based on different computer producers and we need to read manufacturer guidelines, this option secures your computer one layer upper in the OS. Private and confidential data should not be sent via any encrypted email. Step 3. •Computer security is refers to techniques for ensuring that data stored in a computer cannot be read or compromised by any individuals without authorization. Acceptance User Policy − This policy regulates the behavior of the users towards a system or network or even a webpage, so it is explicitly said what a user can do and cannot in a system. Nowadays, learning the basics of the computer is necessary in this technology world, because some works can't be done without a computer. Figure 5: Adding account information for the new user. There are some basic things that everyone of us in every operating system need to do − 1. You should have backups in place, this is generally recommended for local and off-site backup, so a NAS should be in your server room. Step 2. as follows: Evaluation (assess the possible risks. Hacking tools that can be found very easily by everyone just by googling and they are endless. Prudent Policy − This is a high restriction policy where everything is blocked regarding the internet access, just a small list of websites are allowed, and now extra services are allowed in computers to be installed and logs are maintained for every user. Step 2. To scan your computer for malware with Windows Defender, follow the steps below: Step 1. Full list of computer security-related terms. It provides a secure channel encrypted in the communication host to host over internet. 2. By default Windows will hide these extensions, and some malware exploits this setting by attempting to makes its files appear to be a different type than it actually is. Note that saving your recovery key to your Microsoft account may compromise the security of the key, however it offers advantages in case of losing backup key files. Step 2. To do so: Click System Preferences – General – Uncheck “Allow Handoff between this Mac and your iCloud devices”. Intrusion Detection Systems are also as important as the firewall because they help us to detect the type of attack that is being done to our system and then to make a solution to block them. If you are enabling the security features, enter a password into the – Password and Verify boxes. HIDE THIS PAPER GRAB THE BEST PAPER 92.1% of users find it useful. Click the button under Location to turn it off. It generally is in a .php extension but with strange file names and in an encrypted form. Many PC manufacturers include additional software with Windows when you purchase a new computer. Computer and Network Authentication − The data that is accessed over the network is best to be provided only to the authorized users. Figure 3: Adding a new user account without sign-in information. Enter your System Administrator Account. Like it? Allow time for the encryption process to complete. For example: only IT personnel should enter at any given point of time. It can be downloaded as a free trial from − http://home.mcafee.com/downloads/OneClickTrial.aspx?culture=en-us. One high profile case was the Superfish adware pre-installed on Lenovo computers which actively broke internet security processes in order to serve advertisements to users. Step 4. After your computer restarts enter the password to unlock your disk and press Enter. Allow only signed Apps − To reduce the surface of attack, it is suggested not to run untrusted code not signed with a proper key. Open the [Security and Maintenance] window. User policies generally define the limit of the users towards the computer resources in a workplace. Or select [Warn before running an unrecognised app] if your system does not offer previous option. CD and DVD, Blue-Rays − They are used for home/personal usage where people can store their documents, mainly personal or office related documents because they have small capacities varying from 750MB to 50GB. And when you get … These employees can be team leaders, managers, senior managers, system administrators, and such high designation based people. In the server room there should be a fire alarm, humidity sensor, flood sensor and a temperature sensor. To restrict apps from accessing and sending email, click on their respective buttons to turn them off. Open This PC in the File Explorer, right-click your Local Disk (C:) and click Turn BitLocker on. Difficulty. Step 3. Examples of high-demand computer security and networks jobs found at many companies are security administrator, software security engineer, information security officer, information security analyst, and risk analyst, along with more specialized jobs like cryptographer and penetration tester. Windows is a closed-source operating system. Use good, cryptic passwords that can’t be easily guessed - and keep your passwords secret ! It tells what should the users access, when they can work and on which software like SSH, VPN, RDP. WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY Basic Computer Security Checklist TRINITY COLLEGE q Install and enable the (Software) auto-update features in your OS (Macintosh – Windows) q Use the OS Firewall (It should be on by default (But make sure to check)) q Install, update and run (At least weekly) anti-virus software (free tools are available). To limit personal ads on your browser, click the [Manage my Microsoft advertising and other personalization info] link under the privacy options. Congratulations, you have encrypted your whole system drive! Click the button under Let apps use my call history to turn it off. Use good, cryptic passwords that can’t be easily guessed - and keep your passwords secret ! Figure 3: Windows installation Customise Settings page 2. It is better that the communication to be encrypted between the end users, a good tool for this is PGP Encryption Tool. Some of the key points of this policy are the employees should know the importance of this system that they have the privilege to use. Basic Cyber Security Concepts: Where Do I Start? Control Panel – All Control Panel Items – Personalize – Turn Screen Saver on or off – Check “On resume, display logon Screen”. Simple ways to protect your information from being displayed when the user is away or inactive synchronizes automatically disk accessed... 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