2. Agriculture. Average worker. Created after millions displaced to slums with crash of housing industry. Agricultural Adjustment Act and National Recovery Administration. Anti-lynching bill failed. The first time the government spent this much on boosting the economy. ), as in effect on the day before October 22, 2004. It established the Agricultural Adjustment Administration under Secretary of Agriculture Henry Wallace to effect a “domestic allotment” plan that would subsidize producers of basic commodities for… Employment numbers low, and excluded from New Deal programs. Emerged as political leader during The Great Depression. d) established a government program of distributing food to the hungry. Outlawed unfair labor practices, Socialist who strongly supported the New Deal Program and FDR's ideals, Priest who had radio show. 21 terms. Discuss how regional development such as the Tennessee Valley Authority and the Columbia River project reflected broader changes in American life during the New Deal. Roosevelt was more hands on with The New Deal, Roosevelt's social policy to fix the depression. b) lowered farm prices by establishing quotas and paying farmers to grow more. Although suburban communities were segregated in the 1950s, today, communities such as Levittown on Long Island are completely racially integrated. farmers, industrial unions, blacks and southern whites. FDR enacts "banking holiday" closing banks out for several days and immediately passes the Emergency Banking Act to ease the crisis, A New Deal legislation that focused on the employment of the unemployed and the regulation of unfair business ethics. Linked Freedom with this act, Brought electricity to rural areas. Franklin D. Roosevelt, who liked to be called FDR, promised Americans a “new deal” in his acceptance speech for Democratic nomination of the 1932 presidential election. More government and federal involvement, Democracy into work place. Agricultural Adjustment Act and National Recovery Administration. Winds blew soil away OK/TX/KS/CO. Standards Act A law passed in 1938 that established a national minimum hourly wages, set maximum hours for the workweek, and outlawed labor by childrend under age 16. Agriculture. The Agricultural Adjustment Act: a) raised farm prices by establishing quotas and paying farmers not to plant more. The emergence of a popular culture geared toward the emerging youth market suggested that significant generational tensions lay beneath the bland surface of 1950s life. The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) was a United States federal law of the New Deal era designed to boost agricultural prices by reducing surpluses. After the United States entered World War II: d. Americans experienced a series of military losses. Made house ownership possible for millions. tion 22 of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1935 and its extensions. Role of Eleanor Roosevelt 3. Department of Agriculture (USDA). 19. b. authorized military aid to those fighting against Germany and Japan. In the United States during World War II: a. unemployment declined, production soared, and income taxes increased. Living Conditions didn't improve. Expand sections by using the arrow icons. Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) 1. Theory b. b. lowered farm prices by establishing quotas and paying farmers to grow more. The Tennessee Valley Authority created jobs but also built dams and reservoirs along the Tennessee River that produced the price of power for the residents who lived in that area. Labor's Great Upheaval. Built bridges & public bridges. d. authorized the president to take "all necessary measures to repel armed attack" in Vietnam. Advocated for governmental reform, Coalition of socialist/communist groups. Library of Congress A farmer received his Agricultural Adjustment Act check in San Augustine, Tex., in 1939. Belief that multiple cultures being able to coexist. Temporarily restored investor confidence and consumer morale but it failed to stimulate production, Agency paid farmers not to plant crops in order to raise prices, increase demand for farmer commodities. Determined to overturn the Vietnam syndrome, President Reagan. First time government in competition with private companies for electricity. c. were President Roosevelt's statement of the Allied war aims. i)Agricultural Adjustment Act 1933 reduced crop production to end surpluses + raise prices; Agricultural Adjustment Administration would enforce industry limits + subsidize vacant lands to parity-- … Final Exam Fill in the Blank. Terms in this set (45) Election of 1932. The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) was a United States federal law of the New Deal era which restricted agricultural production by paying farmers subsidies not to plant on part of their land and to kill off excess livestock. a. as the only war lost by the United States. Communist and Socialist laborers led strikes, Consumer demand created to absorb products rolling off assembly line and providing a rate of pay of commensurate with "American Standard of Living", Unemployment insurance, minimum wage regulations, and development of natural resources. First Agricultural Adjustment Act Agricultural Adjustment Act - reduced agricultural production by paying farmers subsidies not to plant on part of their land and to kill off excess livestock. Employed many out of work white-collar workers. Franklin Roosevelt (D) vs. Herbert Hoover (R). Terms b. Resistance/Racism 4. He saw the New Deal as a different way to approach socialist, Nazi, and laissez-faire solutions (Foner, GIVE ME LIBERTY, 2010). Chapter 21 Quiz Flashcards Preview ... At a time of widespread hunger in the United States, the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) did all of the following EXCEPT ordered a vast expansion in the production of cotton, wheat, barley, and corn across the Midwest in an effort to … Unemployment insurance, child labor laws, and minimum wages are also things considered to be her accomplishments, Engaged the people and often was not shy about her opinions about her husband's policies, limited government and free market economics, Basically an election were the primary issue "should the new deal continue or not" Since there were generally positive effects of The New Deal; Roosevelt got some strong support, Conservative; Roosevelt was able to do whatever he wanted without of them shutting it down, Large scale government spending is necessary to sustain purchasing power & to stimulate economic activity in downturns, Gained in terms of status, but sometimes projects damaged their lands. Dust Bowls and Black Blizzards. Browse. Many projects in the arts- murals, literary works, Thought New Deal welfare state was entitlement for whites. People from OK migrating to the West to look for jobs. It included an increase in government spending, favored unions, and established America as a welfare state, First wave of government spending. In Agricultural Adjustment Administration. Built NYC Triborough Bridge and overseas Miami to Keys, Built a series of dams to prevent floods and deforestation as well as cheap electric power for 7 states. The government bought livestock for slaughter and paid farmers subsidies not to plant on part of their land. Printer Friendly. Chapter 21 - The New Deal, 1932–1940 . Roosevelt established the Agricultural Adjustment Act. b. FDR preferred to create jobs that improved the nation's infrastructure. Workers militantly and the tactical skills of a new generation of leaders. Roosevelt wins with a 57% of the popular vote. The Agricultural Adjustment Act (May 1933) was an omnibus farm-relief bill embodying the schemes of the major national farm organizations. Roosevelt criticized Hoover for failing to respond to the Great Depression effectively and promised the American people a "new deal". c. concentrated on equipping the poor with skills and rebuilding their spirit and motivation. a. Truman ordered that supplies be brought to Berlin via an airlift. Which of the following best replaces the question mark in the illustration? Another public works program that hired 3 million men to work in conserving natural resources in rural areas. Was made to try to fix the economy, Banks were suffering, many going into bankruptcy: as people started to take their money out. Inspired FDR/congress to levy a tax on large fortunes, corporate profits. The economists believed that the demand for scarce goods would exceed that of supply, thus raising the prices and revenue. b. was seen by Lyndon Johnson as "a fitting memorial" to John F. Kennedy, after his assassination. Welfare Programs a. The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) The Grassroots Revolt. How did World War II affect the west coast of the United States? Proposed the idea of confiscation of most wealth of richest to finance of immediate grant of 5,000 and a guaranteed job. Between 1946 and 1960, the American gross national product: a. more than doubled, and wages increased. Insured mortgages for housing. Eventually declared unconstitutional in 1935, Created to promote economic recovery by ending wage and price deflation and restoring competition. Monopoly excluded farmers/blacks, Considerable welfare state like the SS Act. What did students of the New Left movement think was missing in American liberalism in the 1960s? 2. c. hardened racial divisions in American life. The Agricultural Adjustment Act (May 1933) was an omnibus farm-relief bill embodying the schemes of the major national farm organizations. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! 1281 et seq. c) was beneficial to sharecroppers & tenant farmers. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. c) was beneficial to sharecroppers and tenant farmers. Enabled people to buy sewing machines, radios, and appliances. How did the United States respond to Joseph Stalin's blockade around Berlin? In fireside chats and public addresses, President Roosevelt connected freedom with: Roosevelt launched the Second New Deal because of the success of his initial policies to pull the country out of the Depression and because of the rising conservative opposition against him. It would increase competition for the few jobs available. ch 18-19. Chapter 21 The New Deal EOC (cartoons comprehension) This 1924 cartoon satirizes scandal that led to Public disappointment This 1917 illustration was published as a commentary on a proposed piece legislation. d. Millions of Americans moved to California for jobs and military service. Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA), in U.S. history, major New Deal program to restore agricultural prosperity during the Great Depression by curtailing farm production, reducing export surpluses, and raising prices. Enacted on May 12, 1933, as part of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal , the AAA marked a turning point in federal agricultural policy. Women working in defense industries during the war: b. made up one-third of the West Coast workers in aircraft. No social classes, everyone is equal. He expanded the government through the New Deals under the belief that the government should guarantee an individual's liberty. ... was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the processing taxes instituted under the 1933 Agricultural Adjustment Act were unconstitutional. The legislation that aimed to achieve this goal was the 1933 Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA), one of the New Deal’s flagship, but also most controversial, programs. Updated November 21, 2010, 7:00 PM. The term "Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938" means the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. Pumped cash into the economy to stimulate the job market. National Industrial Recovery Act a. d) established a government program of distributing food to the hungry. the Home Owner's Loan Corporation (HOLC) refinanced mortgages. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. All dems-hard for FDR to challenge. Mostly agricultural workers, excluded from Social Security and other New Deal programs. Its purpose was to reduce crop surplus and therefore effectively raise the value of crops. (3) Considered planted The term "considered planted" means tobacco that was planted, but failed to be produced as a result of a natural disaster, as determined by the Secretary. 21 terms. The Coming of the New Deal 1. Dawes Act ended. He was willing to condone illegal activity if it would silence his political enemies. FDR promised a "new deal" for the American people, but his campaign was vague in explaining how he was going to achieve it. Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) Elements Production quotas; Subsidies for removal of land from cultivation; ... Chapter 33- The Great Depression and the New Deal, 1933-1939; The impact of the Cold War on American culture was: e. was an embarrassment to his party by 1954. c. Technological innovation and high productivity in the war effort restored the reputation of corporations from its Depression lows. CHAPTER 21 STUDY OUTLINE I. What factor contributed to the growth of union membership in the 1930s? New Opportunities 2. Dairy products, cot- d. growing frustration over America's condition. A permanent military buildup and a global application of containment. Which of the following is the most accurate characterization of FDR's New Deal philosophy? Hoover was more conservative, and thought the government should be limited in terms of solving The Depression. The Second New Deal: ... OTHER QUIZLET SETS. Who did Roosevelt appeal to in the Election of 1932? e. was a high point in black and white cooperation. William Levitt, with the help of the GI Bill, gave many Americans the opportunity to: d. became an effective advertising medium. a. raised farm prices by establishing quotas and paying farmers not to plant more. Thought American Life meant the integration of many ethnicities and cultures and that we shouldn't be too greedy. Led to the creation of the NRA. New Deal policies were intended to help the,. 15.Agricultural Adjustment Act It offered contracts to farmers to reduce their output of … The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) gave lows to farmers. End to employers arbitrary power in the workplace, basic civil liberties for workers. The Agricultural Adjustment Act: a. raised farm prices by establishing quotas and paying farmers not to plant more. A cadre of militant labor leaders provided leadership to the labor upsurge. Use this page to navigate to all sections within Title 7. I.R. Labor Rela Board supervise elections for union representation. Positive Effect for blacks b. magdagach. Required union recognition. Severe drought, pulverized topsoil, no grasses, erosion. Suporter of FDR's New Deal but also was critical of the ND and became kinda a facist, Proposed the idea of old age pensions which eventually led to the Social Security Act, Was characterized by the goal of economic SECURITY. e. witnessed the birth of the modern civil rights movement. Advocated for welfare and social citizenship. What did events surrounding the Watergate break-in and cover-up suggest about Richard Nixon? The Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) gave $3 billion to the states to aid with projects or handouts. Agricultural Adjustment Acts (1933 and 1938) One of the main goals of Roosevelt’s administration was to control (lower) agricultural production and increase prices. The Second Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 continued conservation payments; if farmers obeyed acreage restrictions on specific commodities, they would be eligible for parity payments. Franklin Roosevelt (D) vs. Herbert Hoover (R). Massive retaliation was a policy that declared that any Soviet attack on an American ally would be countered by a nuclear assault on the Soviet Union itself. Question 4 1 / 1 point The Agricultural Adjustment Act: a) raised farm prices by establishing quotas and paying farmers not to plant more. Victoria Tuck 2/16/2015 United States History 202 Chapter 21 Focus Questions 1. Start studying Chapter 21. By 1935, the New Deal: Faced mounting pressures and criticism. Chapter 98: Special classification provisions: What: Was a case in which the Supreme Court ruled that the processing taxes instituted under the 1933 Agricultural Adjustment Act were unconstitutional. Agricultural Adjustment. Chapter 21 Miscellaneous edible preparations: Chapter 22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar: Chapter 23 ... Additional Import Restrictions Proclaimed Pursuant to Section 22 of the Agricultural Adjustment Act, As Amended. The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) represented the first significant effort by the federal government to directly improve the earnings of American farmers. e. resulted in a rise in economic inequality. Previous depressions, like those of the 1870s and 1890s, had devastated the labor movement. Agricultural Adjustment Act unconstitutional United Auto Workers sit-down strike John Maynard Keynes’s The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money 1938 Fair Labor Standards bill House Un-American Activities Committee established Martha Graham’s American Document 1939 John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath 1940 Smith Act CHAPTER21 a. served in the military and worked in war production. Roosevelt wins with a 57% of the popular vote. The First New Deal A. FDR and the Election of 1932 1. c. was beneficial to sharecroppers and tenant farmers. APUSH Chapter 21. The section 22 legislation authorized trade restrictions when imports “render inef- fective or materially interfere with” domestic supply control and price support programs of the US. When: 1936 Furthermore, they believed that this would result in the investment of newer technology and employment of more workers for Farmers. d. refers to Norman Rockwell's image of a female industrial laborer. Racial differences D. Black Officials in the New Deal 1. Chapter 21 Odd Questions 1. built roads, schools, hospitals, and public works. One of these was the Agricultural Adjustments Act (AAA), and the questions in this assessment will go over some of its key points. d. established a government program of distributing food to the hungry. Would vote for democrats. How did World War II change the role of corporations in American life? B. [Introduction: The Columbia River Project] II. The American Welfare State. Study Flashcards On APUSH Chapter 21 at Cram.com. Sets business codes and quotas. Agricultural Adjustment Act a. Although income rose, its benefits were made negligible when many sharecroppers were fired. 21. The money for these subsidies was generated through an exclusive tax on companies which processed farm products. Justice Owen Roberts argued that the tax was "but a means to an unconstitutional end" that violated the Tenth Amendment. chapter 35—agricultural adjustment act of 1938 (§§ 1281 – 1401) CHAPTER 35A—PRICE SUPPORT OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES (§§ 1421 – 1472) CHAPTER 36—CROP INSURANCE (§§ 1501 – … 20. This is FindLaw's hosted version of U.S. Code Title 7. Successful program of the 2nd New Deal. They condemned racisim, encouraged civil liberties. Agricultural Adjustment Act 14 His son was tragically kidnapped and murdered Lindbergh 15 "Voluntary" guidelines for industry National Recovery Act 16 Roosevelt's informal talk broadcast over radio to inspire the public were called Positive Impact on blacks c. Unfair administration in South 3. b) lowered farm prices by establishing quotas & paying farmers to grow more. b. Search. Hired by Roosevelt but were excluded from Social Security and they also lost jobs first, Socialist government system in which production are commonly owned. d. The practice of true participatory democracy. Blacks on Roosevelt's Administration. Roosevelt criticized Hoover for failing to respond to the Great Depression effectively and promised the American people a "new deal". Which statement best describes what NSC-68 called for? Late in 1933, a prolonged drought struck the states of the trans-Mississippi Great Plains. b. Chapter 26 - The New Deal . d. highlighted the limits of racial tolerance during World War II. b. increased in number and were often perceived to be alienated. Socialist/Communist groups States of the 1870s and 1890s, had devastated the labor upsurge and white.! 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