Many of the sites paleoseismologists have been studying are along key sections of the SAFZ where there is a large population or major infrastructure that would be affected by a large earthquake in the future. IN TERMS OF DAMAGE THE HAYWARD AND SAN ANDREAS FAULT EARTHQUAKES WILL BE THE LARGEST EARTHQUAKES IN HISTORY. DAMAGE LIKE THIS IS A VERY REAL POSSIBILITY WHEN THE CASCADIA SUBDUCTION ZONE RUPTURES    Courtesy the Daily Mail. When the ground stops suddenly the house wants to keep on going and slides off the foundation. It forms the tectonic boundary between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate, and its motion is right-lateral strike-slip (horizontal). Posted April 19, 2018, under Blog. The data show that at many places along the San Andreas Fault, we have gone past the average time between large earthquakes. The fault divides into three segments, each with different characteristics and a different degree of earthquake risk. The San Andreas Fault and 6 other significant fault zones are present in the Bay Area: the Calaveras, Concord-Green Valley, Greenville, Hayward, Rodgers Creek, and San Gregorio Faults. Four urban areas of the San Andreas Fault System in Northern California have accumulated a sufficient amount of energy to produce major earthquakes, a new study finds. When the ground accelerates the house and foundation go with it. It is now thought to be the “ticking time bomb” fault line and more dangerous than the San Andres. The Hayward fault is a 90 kilometer long crack in the Earth's crust that travels through the San Francisco Bay area. 1 A). San Francisco Bay and Parkfield that have preinstrumental and modern earthquake epicenters and have towns that can provide felt intensities. It is similar to riding in the back of a pick-up truck which accelerates very quickly and stops suddenly. Cartoon sketch of the Pacific Plate-North American Plate boundary showing the San Andreas Fault. The Hayward fault slips in large earthquakes and by aseismic creep observed along its surface trace. From 1812 to 1906 it generated four major earthquakes of M 7 or larger in two pairs on two major portions of the fault. Four urban areas of the San Andreas Fault System in Northern California have accumulated a sufficient amount of energy to produce major earthquakes, a new study finds. San Francisco Bay Area Earthquakes: The Hayward and San Andreas Faults are probably the most studied earthquake faults in the world, so a lot is known about them. Along the San Francisco peninsula no detectable slip occurs (less than 1.5 mm/yr) at the surface, but appreciable strain is accumulating. San Francisco Bay Area Earthquakes: The Hayward and San Andreas Faults are probably the most studied earthquake faults in the world, so a lot is known about them. Other articles where Hayward Fault is discussed: California: Relief: The Hayward Fault in the San Francisco Bay Area and the San Gabriel fault zone in metropolitan Los Angeles have produced several major earthquakes, though the destructive quake centred in the Los Angeles suburb of Northridge in 1994 occurred along one of the San Andreas’s larger… A pair of major earthquakes occurred on the central to southern region, where the 1857 faulting overlapped the 1812 earthquake faulting. The Hazel Dell site near Corralitos, CA was trenched in 2013 to characterize the Santa Cruz Mountains section of the San Andreas Fault. The stuck section slips, and the edge of each block catches up to the rest of the plate. As of 2020 it has been 151 years since the last big earthquake in 1868. The average time interval between the 5 most recent earthquakes is a little shorter, about 140 years. Comparing the data from sites like Wrightwood and Frazier Mountain, earthquake scientists are working to understand the pattern of large earthquakes – asking questions such as how typical was the large (M7.9) earthquake in 1857? (Credit: Kate Scharer, USGS. The Calaveras Fault is a major branch of the San Andreas Fault System that is located in northern California in the San Francisco Bay Area.Activity on the different segments of the fault includes moderate and large earthquakes as well as aseismic creep.The last large event was the 1984 Morgan Hill event and the last moderate earthquake was the 2007 Alum Rock event. In northern California, the zone includes the Hayward, Calaveras, as well as the Northern San Andreas and other faults, and in southern California, the zone is even wider, encompassing the Southern San Andreas, the San Jacinto, and other faults in the Los Angeles area. The Hayward fault in the San Francisco Bay area runs through a densely-populated area, so it has been studied quite a bit.The most recent major earthquake on this fault was approximately M6.9 and occurred in 1868. The San Francisco Bay area is crossed by several right-lateral strike-slip faults of the San Andreas fault zone. But the data can’t be used to make predictions: we do not understand earthquakes well enough to know exactly where the next earthquake will occur, what the magnitude will be, or exactly when it will happen. Studies of this section of the fault suggest an average recurrence interval of 200-300 years. THE HAYWARD FAULT IS CONNECTED TO A SERIES OF SMALLER FAULT THAT MIGHT ERUPT AT THE SAME TIME CREATING A 7.3 OR HIGHER MAGNITUDE EARTHQUAKE. All rights reserved. Contractor The Hayward Fault. CHART SHOWING THE MAGNITUDE AND DATES OF LARGE EARTHQUAKES IN CALIFORNIA. The Santa Cruz section stretches 62 km (39 mi) from Los Gatos (near San Jose) to San Juan Bautista, CA and was last ruptured in the famous 1906 San Francisco earthquake. And what does it mean? San Andreas. The magnitude-6.8 earthquake event used in this analysis is a slightly different scenario for a Hayward earthquake than the magnitude-6.9 event analyzed in 2007. The new San Pablo Bay link between the Rodgers Creek Fault (which extends out of the image to the upper left to Santa Rosa) and the Hayward fault (which joins the Calaveras Fault out of the image to the lower right) is orange. Map of faults in northern California. The Hayward Fault is 40 miles long and about 8 miles deep and trends along the east side of San Francisco Bay. (Credit: Kate Scharer, USGS. Click the … According to a new study, the Hayward fault line that runs under Oakland, California is believed to be more dangerous than the infamous San Andreas fault line that spans Southern California.. Scientists are working to improve forecasts that estimate how often future earthquakes will occur and how much the ground will shake so engineers and planners will know where to focus efforts to mitigate the effects of damaging earthquakes. The city of Ukiah, in Northern California sits right next to the Maacama Fault, which is capable of M=7.5 earthquakes and poses a significant threat to the region. Many smaller faults branch from and join the San Andreas fault zone. No data point selected. Liability Ins PCA 1045011 This means that earthquakes as large as M=7.4 are possible on both sides of San Francisco Bay, rather than just on the San Andreas, as we had thought before. The San Andreas fault zone has been a very significant source of major California earthquakes. HAYWARD FAULT RUNNING THROUGH CENTER OF UC BERKELEY SPORTS STADIUM.. MOVEMENT OF EARTH SHOWING HOW EARTHQUAKES DAMAGE HOUSES. (Public domain.). The Hayward Fault dissects Fremont creating offset features. (Play Video) San Francisco Bay Area Earthquakes: The Hayward and San Andreas Faults are probably the most studied earthquake faults in the world, so a lot is known about them. The corrosion problem of ACQ treated lumber. The ground consistently moves a few millimeters each year, pulling apart sidewalks, pipelines and other structures that sit astride the fault. The Hayward Fault splinters from the Calaveras Fault, which itself is an offshoot of the New studies farther to the northwest along the Peninsula section of the San Andreas Fault also show a long interval between the 1906 earthquake and the previous earthquake, which occurred around 1300. 510-548-1111. Bay Area Retrofit does not recommend performing a retrofit without the guidance and supervision of experienced and knowledgeable retrofit professionals, and is not responsible for costly errors, injuries, or earthquake damage that result from such attempts. A retrofit prevents this kind of movement. Near fault shear strain rates are 0.6 ± 0.1 μstrain/yr (engineering) with direction N47°W ± 9. Earth scientists have been gathering data at key paleoseismic sites along sections of the San Andreas Fault to figure out the past timeline of earthquakes at each spot. San Jose earthquake risk is caused by three connected faults: Hayward, Calaveras, and San Andreas. But focusing only on avoiding an earthquake doesn’t address most of the effects from the shaking. Posted April 19, 2018, under Blog. For a 12-minute video concerning the Hayward Fault, see the KQED documentary Predictable Peril. As you returned to your home, you would probably see damaged and collapsed buildings and bridges, broken pipes and snapped power lines and scorched remains of fires. This page was last edited on 23 August 2020, at 21:45. unconsolidated surficial deposits. Sorry for posting all the documentaries and I can’t really tell you which one is best. Hayward Bay Fault Could Be More Dangerous Than San Andreas: It’s a “Ticking Time Bomb” The following video is brought to you courtesy of the DAHBOO77 YouTube Channel. Upon entering your house, you would stumble over toppled bookcases, broken glass from mirrors no longer on the walls, and the contents of kitchen cabinets in piles on the floor. The four areas singled out in the study are: Hayward, Rodgers Creek, northern Calaveras and Green Valley. (Photo from: Trulia) In California, when most people think about faults, their thoughts are immediately drawn to the San Andreas, and to a lesser extent, the Hayward Fault. The San Andreas and Cascadia fault have a potentially deadlier counterpart lurking in the East Bay region of Northern California. We test this method on both the Hayward Fault and San Andreas Fault at Parkfield, California. It has an average repeat cycle of 140 years. The New Yorker published an article, “The Really Big One,” which warns that the Cascadia Fault is even more dangerous than the Hayward Fault. Each house is unique. . Basically, because it’s a big fault that is close to some big cities. Page 75 of The online version of “The Coming Bay Area Earthquake: 2010 Update of Scenario for a Magnitude 7.0 Earthquake on the Hayward Fault published by the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute describes the situation vividly. The entire San Andreas fault system is more than 800 miles long and extends to depths of at least 10 miles within the Earth. The slip rate near the San Andreas fault is … The San Andreas Fault is a crack in the Earth's crust in California, some 680 miles long. Where does the information come from? The new San Pablo Bay link between the Rodgers Creek Fault (which extends out of the image to the upper left to Santa Rosa) and the Hayward fault (which joins the Calaveras Fault out of the image to the lower right) is orange. The Hayward Fault is an offset of the San Andreas Fault system that dominates the landforms of eastern San Francisco Bay. It runs through densely populated areas, including Richmond, El Cerrito, Berkeley, Oakland, San Leandro, Castro Valley, Hayward, Union City, Fremont, and San Jose. The San Andreas fault system (SAFS) consists of over a dozen faults that accommodate motion between the North American and Pacific Plates (Fig. Like the Loma Prieta earthquake of 1989, the San Andreas Fault was responsible for … The Hayward fault in the San Francisco Bay area runs through a densely-populated area, so it has been studied quite a bit.The most recent major earthquake on this fault was approximately M6.9 and occurred in 1868. Thick red lines show the extent of historic ruptures. (Credit: Kate Scharer, USGS. Practically every house is the Bay Area is being threatened. The San Andreas Fault is locked in many places; much of its energy is released in the form of earthquakes. Since then, research has indicated that the likelihood of a Hayward quake is greater and more threatening to the 7 million Bay Area residents than a San Andreas … The Hayward Fault is a "tectonic time bomb, due any time for another magnitude 6.8 to 7.0 earthquake," according to a 2008 USGS report. The San Francisco Bay area is crossed by several right-lateral strike-slip faults of the San Andreas fault zone. The Hayward fault is a 90 kilometer long crack in the Earth's crust that travels through the San Francisco Bay area. San Andreas. Near fault shear strain rates are 0.6 ± 0.1 μstrain/yr (engineering) with direction N47°W ± 9. Let’s imagine for a minute that we know where, how large, and when an earthquake will be. The fault has been creeping about 4.6 mm/yr (0.2 inches/yr) for the last several decades, but that is only half of the long-term slip rate, so stress is building upon this fault. The recurrence intervals (times between earthquakes) at Wrightwood are more regular than clustered (determined by a mathematical analysis), and only four times in the past has the interval between two major earthquakes been longer than the current interval (since 1857). The In 1836 there was a large earthquake but the larges was felt on October 21, 1868. New Study Finds Hayward Fault More Dangerous Than San Andreas. The fault marks the boundary between the North American and Pacific lithospheric plates. The Hayward Fault Zone is a geologic fault zone capable of generating destructive earthquakes. Bay Area Retrofit assumes no responsibility or liability for use by homeowners, contractors, engineers, or anyone else of the information provided on this site. This website is intended to help clients of Bay Area Retrofit to understand their retrofit proposals. The Hayward Fault is 40 miles long and about 8 miles deep and trends along the east side of San Francisco Bay. Three earthquakes occurred within a 70-year period between 1838 and 1906, but there were no earthquakes during the 500 years before that, and there have been no earthquakes in the 110 years since 1906. Running for nearly 74 miles through cities including Fremont, Hayward, Oakland, Berkeley, and Richmond, the Hayward Fault has the potential to wreak more havoc than most California faults. Maybe you’ve heard that the “Big One is overdue” on the San Andreas Fault. The Hayward Fault is a "tectonic time bomb, due any time for another magnitude 6.8 to 7.0 earthquake," according to a 2008 USGS report. Fault-plane reflections reveal that two of these faults, the San Andreas and Hayward, dip toward each other below seismogenic depths at 60° and 70°, respectively, and persist to the base of the crust. The plate is moving slowly all the time, but the edges move in fits and starts. The 150th anniversary of the 1868 earthquake, and all historical earthquake anniversaries, are opportunities to remind people that we live in earthquake country and In fact, when the "big one" happens, it is more likely to happen on the Hayward Fault than it is to happen on the San Andreas Fault. The most recent earthquake occurred during the time of Spanish exploration, about 300 years ago, but there is no historic record of the event. According to the Association of Bay Area Governments the Hayward Fault will cause $165 billion in damage when it ruptures. West of the San Andreas fault, the 400-kilometer-long San Gregorio-Hosgri fault extends primarily offshore between Point Conception and Bolinas, and sits within 3 nautical miles (in state waters) of the Diablo Canyon Power Plant. The resulting 3000-year record includes 29 surface-rupturing earthquakes. The most recent major earthquake on this fault was approximately M6.9 and occurred in 1868. The fault has been creeping about 4.6 mm/yr (0.2 inches/yr) for the last several decades, but that is only half of the long-term slip rate, so stress is building upon this fault. No one can predict earthquakes, so what does the science really say? In 2014, a paleoseismology site at Hael Creek on the Maacama fault reiterated the results found on the Hayward fault to the south – creeping with infrequent large earthquakes, and a large one expected in the not-too-distant future. Exposure of the San Andreas Fault in a trench. The slip rate near the San Andreas fault is … (Public domain.). The faults are boundaries between blocks, and each block is constantly moving, which we can see by analyzing GPS (Global Positioning System) data. Observations in the trenches along with radiocarbon dating of charcoal, wood chips, and small plant remains, combined with a reevaluation of three previously-studied nearby paleoseismic sites revealed a variation in seismic activity in the past. What does the science say? The horizontal colored lines highlight different layers of sediment. Since we have exceeded the average, many people use the term “overdue,” but it’s more complicated than that. In particular, we need to design buildings and infrastructure to be able to withstand the earthquake shaking or be easily repaired. Using the forecasts, we can properly engineer structures, plan for earthquake response, and be prepared at home to make a big difference in the impact of a significant earthquake. A paleoseismic study in 2007 at Tyson’s Lagoon (now a BART station) found evidence for 12 paleoearthquakes (including the historical 1868 earthquake) with an average time between earthquakes of about 160 years. The Hayward Fault. The 1906 San Francisco earthquake is estimated to have been in the 7.8 range (and possibly even larger.) The Maacama fault is the northward continuation of the Hayward-Rodgers Creek fault system in northern California. The Hayward fault runs through the East Bay hills from Richmond to San Jose. At the time, it was known as the 'great San Francisco quake' (this was before the infamous 1906 quake, produced by the San Andreas fault), and it produced massive amounts of damage and several people lost their lives. Drop, Cover and Hold On sign. Analysis of a geodetic network of 115 lines crossing the San Andreas, Hayward, and Calaveras faults in the vicinity of San Francisco Bay and measured repeatedly between 1970 and 1980 has revealed details about the accommodation of relative plate motion in this area. The Northern San Andreas Fault Zone The region surrounding the 1906 rupture zone includes the seismicity associated with the major 1838 and 1906 San Andreas, 1868 Hayward, and 1989 Loma Prietaearthquakes. When it stops, your body moves as it is pushed forward. This includes Cripple Wall Retrofits, No Cripple Wall Retrofits, Retrofits of Homes with Living Area above a Garage, and Hillside Home Retrofits, THE SAN ANDREAS FAULT IS QUITE DANGEROUS AND CAN CREATE AN EARTHQUAKE 8.0 OR MORE ON THE RICHTER SCALE. It contains a lot of information, links, and videos to explore and you will learn practically everything there is to know if you study this page. The study concluded that there is 33% likelihood of a surface-rupturing earthquake within the next 30 years. The most striking result is that the deformation is not uniformly distributed across the area. Retrofit design is based on many factors. History shows that five large earthquakes on the Hayward fault have occurred on average every 150 years—last being in 1868. The San Andreas Fault is a continental transform fault that extends roughly 1,200 kilometers (750 mi) through California. The San Andreas Fault is the most famous fault in the world. 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